Health Care

Autism signs may be detectable at 12 months, study says

Autism signs may be detectable at 12 months, study says

Dr Heather Hazlett, one of the researchers at the University of North Carolina, told the BBC News, "Very early in the first year of life we see surface brain area differences, that precede the symptoms that people traditionally associate with autism".

The UNC scientists took brain scans of over 106 infants who were considered high-risk for developing autism because they had siblings with ASD and of 42 babies without an immediate family member with autism.

If these findings could form the basis for a "pre-symptomatic" diagnosis of ASD, health care professionals could intervene even earlier. These so-called 'baby sibs' are about 20 times more likely to have autism than are children in the general population.

If it can be diagnosed early, then behavioural therapies such as those that train parents in new ways of interacting with an autistic child can be introduced earlier when they should be more effective.

Signs of potential autism spectrum disorder can be detected in high-risk infants as young as 12 months with 80 percent accuracy, according to an global study published Wednesday.

The molecular mechanisms underlying brain surface area expansion - many of which are known - may also provide clues to how autism unfolds, Piven says.

Roughly 1 in 100 children in the US are diagnosed with autism.

Experts say that may be too late in terms of treating or minimizing the effects of autism, since whatever brain changes responsible for them have already taken place.

Kim Jong Un's Half-Brother Was Mysteriously Assassinated. …
She has a position in a propaganda and agitation department in the committee and is known as Kim Jong Un's gatekeeper, Gause said. Speculation quickly spread in South Korea on Tuesday that Kim Jong Un might be behind the reported death of his half brother.

The predictive power of the team's findings may inform the development of a diagnostic tool for ASD that could be used in the first year of life, before behavioral symptoms have emerged.

That's big news when it comes to the treatment of autism and early intervention.

This is possible for babies with older autistic siblings, as reported by the University of Minnesota.

"These findings not only are significant for the field of autism, but they also could inform the broader field of psychiatry and prevention science as it relates to various psychiatric conditions", Elison said. By feeding the scans into a machine with algorithms, they were able to detect autism in some of the babies and were accurate 80 per cent of the time.

In the course of action, the children, especially those in high-risk families, will undergo brain scans that will help to detect if there will be a possibility that a child has an autism disorder. Other key collaborators are McGill University, the University of Alberta, the College of Charleston, and New York University. This means that these kids will have better social skills compared to those who were diagnosed when they were 5 or 6 years old.

About Children's Hospital of Philadelphia: Children's Hospital of Philadelphia was founded in 1855 as the nation's first pediatric hospital.

Although many children in the United Kingdom are diagnosed at the age of three, the average age is five-and-a-half after they have started at school and it can take up to three years for a child to get a diagnosis.


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